Fees & Permissions
There are no fees to
publish in Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation. PARE is an
open access journal. All articles are published on the internet and may be
freely downloaded for individual, non-commercial use.
Copyright is retained
by the first or sole author, who grants right of first publication to Practical
Assessment, Research & Evaluation. The PARE editors and authors have the right to authorize
third party reproduction of articles in print, electronic and database
forms. A copyright notice, equivalent to the
(CC BY-NC-ND) License, is published at the top of every article. Permission is granted to distribute articles
for nonprofit, educational purposes if they are copied in their entirety and
the journal is credited.
Practical Assessment, Research
& Evaluation publishes
the following types of papers
an introduction to a topic. Its audience is
individuals, whether professional or general, who wish to
acquire introductory information on the topic treated in
- Methods plainly speaking demonstrate how to apply a
technique. These would be useful as class hand-outs.
which provide current information of a
related to a topic. As appropriate, it also
interprets and discusses the facts presented. Its primary
audience is policymakers, administrators, and other
decisionmakers; its secondary audience is other
professionals and members of the general public who are
interested in factual information on the topic.
Papers which define and describe a controversial
topic. It does not resolve
controversies in the literature or practices, but it
delineates the various perspectives related to the topic.
Its audience is individuals, both professional and
general, who wish to become informed about alternative
perspectives on educational issues.
- Practice Application
which provide specific, concrete examples of how
practitioners can apply research results in practical
settings. Its primary audience is educational
practitioners, while its secondary audience is other
educators interested in the topic.
- Research Findings
which present the current status of research in an area.
It summarizes and synthesizes recent findings from
relevant research. Its primary audience is those
individuals who wish to become informed about research
findings, including researchers, graduate students,
policymakers, administrators, and teachers.
- Synopsi of Synthesis Papers
which summarize an
existing review and synthesis publication. This type
of paper is based on one primary publication,
which is itself a review and synthesis of many
publications. Its audience is individuals, both
professional and general, who wish to become informed
about the topic.
questions in the review will be whether the results generalize and
whether the results are likely to alter someone's practice. Thus, PARE
does not accept evaluations of local programs. We also do not accept
validity studies of test instruments. We are not interested in
derivations, but rather practical applications.
Manuscripts submitted to Practical
Assessment, Research & Evaluation should adhere to
- The authorship standards
outlined in the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to
The Uniform Requirements
addresses criteria for authorship, acknowledgments, redundant
publication, competing manuscripts, and conflict of interest. A
concise summary of the Uniform Requirements can be found in
Syrett and Rudner (1996).
A key concept in the Uniform
Requirements is that individuals identified as authors should have
made significant contributions to the conception and design, or
analysis and interpretation of data, or both; to drafting of the
manuscript or revising it critically for intellectual content; and on
final approval of the version of the manuscript to be considered for
publication. Being an advisor or head of a research group, does not,
in itself, warrant authorship credit.
- Publication Manual of the
American Psychological Association (6th ed.)
The Publication Manual
detailed information about the entire process of publication -- from
organizing, writing, keying, and submitting your manuscript, to seeing
the accepted manuscript through production and publication. Of special
interest in the fourth edition are updated sections on reporting
statistics; writing without bias; preparing manuscripts with a word
processor for electronic production; and publishing research in
accordance with ethical principles of scientific publishing.
Assessment Research & Evaluation articles adhere to the following technical
2,000 to 8,000 words
Single spaced, MSWord or WordPerfect format
-- Articles should have
information subheadings and should be written clearly and
concisely. For the most part, keep your sentences short and to
the pointy. Short lists help to break up the text and to focus
attention on series of items. Online constraints currently
restrict our use of a wide range of type sizes, fonts, and other
Abstract -- Please include a short informative
abstract at the begining of your paper.
Introduction -- We like
to see a short, two
or three paragraph introduction that clearly indicates what is
covered in the article and the intended audience. We like to see
the second paragraph start with "This article ..."
substantive, informative, and based on well-documented sources.
Bibliographies, directories, and extensive lists of organizations
Graphs and Tables -- Please
insert graphs and tables in the body of your submission, not at the end.
-- List four to six references to
journal articles, commercial publications, and
other resources that you used as supporting material for your
digest and/or will point to key literature in the field.
and additional reading
*** Osborne, Jason W., and Holland, Abigail (2009). What is authorship, and what should it be? A survey of
prominent guidelines for determining authorship in scientific publications. Practical Assessment, Research &
Evaluation, 14(15). Available online: http://pareonline.net/getvn.asp?v=14&n=15.
American Psychological Association
(2002). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct.
[Available online http://www.apa.org/ethics/code2002
American Psychological Association
(2010). Publication Manual of the American Psychological
(6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Uniform requirements for
manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals.
[Available online at http://www.icmje.org]
Rudner, Lawrence M. & William D. Schafer (1999). How to write a scholarly research report. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 6(13). [Available online at http://PAREonline.net/getvn.asp?v=6&n=13].
Syrett, Kristen L. & Rudner,
Lawrence M. (1996).
Authorship Ethics. Practical Assessment, Research &
Evaluation, 5(1). [Available online:
Thompson, B. (1995). Publishing your
research results: Some suggestions and counsel. Journal of Counseling
and Development, 73, 342-345.
Wilkinson, L. and Task Force on
Statistical Inference (1999). Statistical Methods in Psychology
Journals: Guidelines and Explanations. American Psychologist, 54
(8), 594B604. [Available online: http://www.apa.org/science/leadership/bsa/statistical/tfsi-followup-report.pdf].