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Practical Assessment
Research & Evaluation
A peer-reviewed electronic journal. ISSN 1531-7714 

green dot  2017 Data Transformations for Inference with Linear Regression: Clarifications and Recommendations.   Pek, J., Wong, O., & Wong, AC.
Viewed 107 times since 10/11/2017.
green dot  2017 Estimating Operational Validity Under Incidental Range Restriction: Some Important but Neglected Issues.   Brown, Reagan D., Oswald, Frederick L. & Converse, Patrick D.
Viewed 299 times since 8/6/2017.
green dot  2017 The Use of Reddit as an Inexpensive Source for High-Quality Data.  Jamnik, Matthew R., & Lane, David J.
Viewed 602 times since 5/30/2017.
green dot  2017 Hierarchical Linear Modeling with Maximum Likelihood, Restricted Maximum Likelihood, and Fully Bayesian Estimation  Boedeker, Peter
Viewed 782 times since 4/12/2017.
green dot  2016 Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling with R  Ravand, Hamdollah, & Baghaei, Purya
Viewed 2,584 times since 9/16/2016.
green dot  2016 Accuracy of range restriction correction with multiple imputation in small and moderate samples: A simulation study  Pfaffel, Andreas, & Spiel, Christiane
Viewed 998 times since 9/13/2016.
green dot  2016 Measurement Error and Equating Error in Power Analysis  Phillips, Gary W., and Jiang, Tao
Viewed 1,032 times since 8/8/2016.
green dot  2016 Regularization Methods for Fitting Linear Models with Small Sample Sizes: Fitting the Lasso Estimator using R.   Finch, W. Holmes, & Finch, Maria E. Hernandez
Viewed 1,650 times since 5/8/2016.
green dot  2016 A Comparison of Three Approaches to Correct for Direct and Indirect Range Restrictions: A Simulation Study.   Pfaffel, Andreas, Schober, Barbara, & Spiel, Christiane.
Viewed 1,901 times since 3/24/2016.
green dot  2016 Confidence Intervals for Effect Sizes: Applying Bootstrap Resampling.  Banjanovic, Erin S., and Osborne, Jason W.
Viewed 3,441 times since 3/11/2016.
green dot  2016 A Brief Guide to Decisions at Each Step of the Propensity Score Matching Process.   Harris, Heather, & Horst, S. Jeanne
Viewed 2,328 times since 2/19/2016.
green dot  2016 Tutorial on Using Regression Models with Count Outcomes using R  Beaujean, A. Alexander & Grant, Morgan B.
Viewed 5,997 times since 2/2/2016.
green dot  2016 Data visualization of item-total correlation by median smoothing  Yu, Chong Ho, Douglas, Samantha, Lee, Anna, & An, Min
Viewed 2,029 times since 2/1/2016.
green dot  2015 A Practical Guide for Using Propensity Score Weighting in R.   Olmos, Antonio & Priyalatha Govindasamy
Viewed 13,615 times since 6/27/2015.
green dot  2015 Chi-Square Test is Statistically Significant: Now What?  Sharpe, Donald
Viewed 47,685 times since 4/6/2015.
green dot  2015 What is your teacher rubric? Extracting teachers’ assessment constructs.  Jeong, Heejeong
Viewed 4,685 times since 3/20/2015.
green dot  2015 Linear Logistic Test Modeling with R  Baghaei, Purya & Kubinger, Klaus D
Viewed 4,488 times since 1/1/2014.
green dot  2014 A Step-by-Step Guide to Propensity Score Matching in R  Randolph, Justus J., Falbe, Kristina, Manuel, Austin Kureethara, & Balloun, Joseph L.
Viewed 22,860 times since 11/19/2014.
green dot  2014 A Primer on Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) for Behavioral Scientists.   Warne, Russell
Viewed 17,561 times since 11/18/2014.
green dot  2014 Modelling the preferences of students for alternative assignment designs using the Discrete Choice Experiment methodology.  Kennelly, B., Flannery, D., Considine. J., Doherty. E., & Hynes, S.
Viewed 2,656 times since 11/13/2014.
green dot  2014 A Comparison of Three Conditional Growth Percentile Methods: Student Growth Percentiles, Percentile Rank Residuals, and a Matching Method  Wyse, Adam E. & Seo, Dong Gi
Viewed 3,180 times since 11/12/2014.
green dot  2014 Analyzing Group Level Effects with Clustered Data Using Taylor Series Linearization.  Huang, Francis L.
Viewed 3,360 times since 11/11/2014.
green dot  2014 Sample Size Determination for Regression Models Using Monte Carlo Methods in R.   Beaujean, A. Alexander
Viewed 16,356 times since 8/23/2014.
green dot  2014 Impact of Sample Size and Variability on the Power and Type I Error Rates of Equivalence Tests: A Simulation Study.   Rusticus, Shayna A. & Lovato, Chris Y.
Viewed 11,764 times since 8/16/2014.
green dot  2014 A Simulation Study of Missing Data with Multiple Missing X’s  Rubright, Jonathan D., Nandakumar, Ratna and Gluttin, Joseph J.
Viewed 4,891 times since 8/12/2014.
green dot  2014 Estimating unbiased treatment effects in education using a regression discontinuity design.  Smith, William C.
Viewed 5,039 times since 8/3/2014.
green dot  2014 Quasi-Experiments in Schools: The Case for Historical Cohort Control Groups.   Walser, Tamara M.
Viewed 8,763 times since 6/23/2014.
green dot  2014  Using meta-regression to explore moderating effects in surveys of international achievement.  Benton, Tom
Viewed 4,757 times since 5/19/2014.
green dot  2014 Exploring the Limitations of Measures of Students` Socioeconomic Status (SES)  Dickinson, Emily R. & Jill L. Adelson
Viewed 5,687 times since 5/15/2014.
green dot  2013 Educational Research with Real-World Data: Reducing Selection Bias with Propensity Score Analysis.  Adelson, Jill L.
Viewed 3,840 times since 12/18/2013.
green dot  2013 Comparing Propensity Score Methods in Balancing Covariates and Recovering Impact in Small Sample Educational Program Evaluations.  Stone, Clement A. & Tang, Yun
Viewed 9,127 times since 11/5/2013.
green dot  2013 Normality of residuals is a continuous variable, and does seem to influence the trustworthiness of confidence intervals : A response to, and appreciation of, Williams, Grajales, and Kurkiewicz (2013)  Osborne, Jason W.
Viewed 4,021 times since 9/6/2013.
green dot  2013 Assumptions of Multiple Regression: Correcting Two Misconceptions.  Williams, Matt N., Grajales, Carlos Alberto Gómez, & Kurkiewicz, Dason
Viewed 23,858 times since 9/6/2013.
green dot  2013 Using the Student's t-test with extremely small sample sizes  de Winter, J.C.F.
Viewed 95,853 times since 8/6/2013.
green dot  2013 Determining the Number of Factors to Retain in EFA: Using the SPSS R-Menu v2.0 to Make More Judicious Estimations  Courtney, Matthew Gordon Ray
Viewed 17,667 times since 4/30/2013.
green dot  2013 Forest plots in Excel: Moving beyond a clump of trees to a forest of visual information.   Derzon, James H. & Alford, Aaron A.
Viewed 24,374 times since 4/29/2013.
green dot  2013 Practical Considerations for Using Exploratory Factor Analysis in Educational Research.   Beavers, Amy S., Lounsbury, John W., Richards, Jennifer K., Huck, Schuyler W., Skolits, Gary J. & Esquivel, Shelley L.
Viewed 22,157 times since 3/5/2013.
green dot  2013 Factor Analysis using R.   Beaujean, A. Alexander
Viewed 31,032 times since 2/25/2013.
green dot  2013 Studies of the Effect of Formative Assessment on Student Achievement: So Much More is Needed.   McMillan, James H., Venable, Jessica C., & Varier, Divya
Viewed 12,494 times since 2/19/2013.
green dot  2013 Unit-weighted scales imply models that should be tested!   Beauducel, André & Leue, Anja
Viewed 4,198 times since 2/18/2013.
green dot  2012 Logits and tigers and bears, oh my! A brief look at the simple math of logistic regression and how it can improve dissemination of results.   Osborne, Jason W.
Viewed 6,416 times since 6/6/2012.
green dot  2012 Interpreting Multiple Linear Regression: A Guidebook of Variable Importance  Nathans, Laura L., Oswald, Frederick L., & Nimon, Kim
Viewed 90,800 times since 4/29/2012.
green dot  2012 A Demonstration of a Systematic Item-Reduction Approach Using Structural Equation Modeling.   Larwin, Karen & Harvey, Milton
Viewed 8,653 times since 4/23/2012.
green dot  2011 Exploring Item Order in Anxiety-Related Constructs: Practical Impacts of Serial Position.   Carleton, R. Nicholas, Thibodeau, Michel A., Osborne, Jason W. & Asmundson, Gordon J. G.
Viewed 5,334 times since 4/21/2012.
green dot  2012 Terminating Sequential Delphi Survey Data Collection  Kalaian, Sema & Rafa M. Kasim
Viewed 7,077 times since 1/23/2012.
green dot  2012 Estimating ordinal reliability for Likert-type and ordinal item response data: A conceptual, empirical, and practical guide  Gadermann, Anne M., Guhn, Martin & Bruno D. Zumbo
Viewed 25,966 times since 1/17/2012.
green dot  2011 Reporting and Discussing Effect Size: Still the Road Less Traveled?  McMillan, James H. & Jennifer Foley
Viewed 13,730 times since 10/18/2011.
green dot  2011 Best Practices in Using Large, Complex Samples: The Importance of Using Appropriate Weights and Design Effect Compensation  Osborne, Jason
Viewed 4,246 times since 9/19/2011.
green dot  2011 Cohen's d vs. Alternative Standardized Mean Group Difference Measures  Cahan, Sorel & Eyal Gamliel
Viewed 10,028 times since 6/28/2011.
green dot  2011 Applying Tests of Equivalence for Multiple Group Comparisons: Demonstration of the Confidence Interval Approach.  Rusticus, Shayna A. & Chris Y. Lovato
Viewed 9,730 times since 4/25/2011.
green dot  2011 The operating characteristics of the nonparametric Levene test for equal variances with assessment and evaluation data.  Nordstokke, David W., Zumbo, Bruno D., Cairns, Sharon L., Saklofske, Donald H.
Viewed 12,392 times since 2/26/2011.
green dot  2010 Yule-Simpson's Paradox in Research  Goltz, Heather Honoré & Matthew Lee Smith
Viewed 8,952 times since 10/18/2010.
green dot  2010 Improving your data transformations: Applying the Box-Cox transformation  Osborne, Jason
Viewed 51,719 times since 10/6/2010.
green dot  2012 Five-Point Likert Items: t test versus Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon (Addendum added October 2012)  de Winter, J. C. F. & D. Dodou
Viewed 50,108 times since 10/6/2010.
green dot  2010 Analyzing the longitudinal K-12 grading histories of entire cohorts of students: Grades, data driven decision making, dropping out and hierarchical cluster analysis.  Bowers, Alex J.
Viewed 6,565 times since 5/12/2010.
green dot  2009 Understanding and Using Factor Scores: Considerations for the Applied Researcher  DiStefano, Christine, Zhu, Min & Mîndrilã, Diana
Viewed 98,306 times since 10/26/2009.
green dot  2009 What is authorship, and what should it be? A survey of prominent guidelines for determining authorship in scientific publications.  Osborne, Jason W., and Holland, Abigail
Viewed 14,192 times since 7/20/2009.
green dot  2009 Examining Design and Inter-Rater Reliability of a Rubric Measuring Research Quality across Multiple Disciplines  Bresciani, Marilee J., Oakleaf, Megan, Kolkhorst, Fred, Nebeker, Camille, Barlow, Jessica, Duncan, Kristin, and Hickmott, Jessica
Viewed 13,520 times since 5/29/2009.
green dot  2009 Combining Dual Scaling with Semi-Structured Interviews to Interpret Rating Differences  Childs, Ruth A., Ram, Anita & Xu, Yunmei
Viewed 7,971 times since 5/26/2009.
green dot  2009 Using Power Tables to Compute Statistical Power in Multilevel Experimental Designs  Konstantopoulos, Spyros
Viewed 14,251 times since 5/20/2009.
green dot  2009 From Gain Score t to ANCOVA F (and vice versa)   Knapp, Thomas R. and Schafer, William D.
Viewed 26,245 times since 3/20/2009.
green dot  2009 Using recursive regression to explore nonlinear relationships and interactions: A tutorial applied to a multicultural education study  Strang, Kenneth David
Viewed 15,230 times since 3/16/2009.
green dot  2009 Evaluating the collaborative strategic reading intervention: An overview of randomized controlled trial options.   Hitchcock, J.H., Kurki, A., Wilkins, C., Dimino, J., and Gersten, R.
Viewed 14,086 times since 1/28/2009.
green dot  2008 Revisiting the Collinear Data Problem: An Assessment of Estimator 'Ill-Conditioning' in Linear Regression   Callaghan, Karen J. and Chen, Jie
Viewed 14,745 times since 6/18/2008.
green dot  2008 Conducting External Profile Analysis with Multiple Regression  Culpepper, Steven Andrew
Viewed 14,150 times since 1/9/2008.
green dot  2007 A data visualization and data mining approach to response and non-response analysis in survey research  Yu,Chong Ho,  Jannasch-Pennell, Angel,  DiGangi,Samuel,  Kim,Chang & Andrews, Sandra
Viewed 15,114 times since 12/20/2007.
green dot  2007 Randomized Field Trials and Internal Validity: Not So Fast My Friend.  McMillan, James H.
Viewed 17,767 times since 12/3/2007.
green dot  2007 Determining the Number of Factors to Retain in EFA: An easy-to-use computer program for carrying out Parallel Analysis  Ledesma, Rubén Daniel and Pedro Valero-Mora
Viewed 31,494 times since 2/1/2007.
green dot  2006 Using Regression Mixture Analysis in Educational Research  Ding, Cody S.
Viewed 35,794 times since 11/28/2006.
green dot  2006 Consider Propensity Scores to Compare Treatments  Rudner, Lawrence M. & Johnette Peyton
Viewed 16,152 times since 11/17/2006.
green dot  2006 Bringing balance and technical accuracy to reporting odds ratios and the results of logistic regression analyses  Osborne, Jason W.
Viewed 32,555 times since 10/18/2006.
green dot  2005 Does It Matter If Non-Powerful Significance Tests Are Used in Dissertation Research?  Deng, Heping
Viewed 18,073 times since 9/20/2005.
green dot  2005 A Review of Greene (2002) High School Graduation Rates in the United States  Phelps, Richard P.
Viewed 14,470 times since 9/20/2005.
green dot  2005 Using the Binomial Effect Size Display (BESD) to Present the Magnitude of Effect Sizes to the Evaluation Audience  Randolph, Justus J. & R. Shawn Edmondson
Viewed 28,102 times since 9/2/2005.
green dot  2005 Formatting a Paper-based Survey Questionnaire: Best Practices  Fanning, Elizabeth
Viewed 183,039 times since 8/26/2005.
green dot  2005 Best practices in exploratory factor analysis: four recommendations for getting the most from your analysis.  Costello, Anna B. & Jason Osborne
Viewed 59,297 times since 7/15/2005.
green dot  2004 Course Selection Decisions by Students on Campuses With and Without Published Teaching Evaluations  Wilhelm, Wendy Bryce & Charles Comegys
Viewed 46,122 times since 8/24/2004.
green dot  2004 Sample size and subject to item ratio in principal components analysis.  Osborne, Jason W. & Anna B. Costello
Viewed 101,433 times since 6/7/2004.
green dot  2004 The Influence of Computer-Print on Rater Scores  Russell, Michael and Wei Tao
Viewed 23,014 times since 5/11/2004.
green dot  2004 The power of outliers (and why researchers should ALWAYS check for them)  Osborne, Jason W. & Amy Overbay
Viewed 289,783 times since 3/2/2004.
green dot  2004 A Comparison of Consensus, Consistency, and Measurement Approaches to Estimating Interrater Reliability  Stemler, Steven E.
Viewed 108,974 times since 3/1/2004.
green dot  2004 The Contributions of Reliability and Pretests to Effective Assessment  Bacon, Donald
Viewed 34,071 times since 2/26/2004.
green dot  2003 Estimating Policy and Program Effects with Observational Data: The “Differences-in-Differences” Estimator  Buckley, Jack & Yi Shang
Viewed 45,548 times since 11/11/2003.
green dot  2003 Patterns of Response and Nonresponse from Teachers to Traditional and Web Surveys  Mertler, Craig A.
Viewed 31,376 times since 10/7/2003.
green dot  2003 Resampling methods: Concepts, Applications, and Justification  Yu, Chong Ho
Viewed 114,789 times since 9/29/2003.
green dot  2003 Reducing Error in Mail Surveys  Cui, Wei Wei
Viewed 63,050 times since 9/2/2003.
green dot  2003 Evaluating spatial- and temporal-oriented multi-dimensional visualization techniques  Yu, Chong Ho and Shawn Stockford
Viewed 28,920 times since 7/23/2003.
green dot  2003 Meta-analysis methods for synthesizing treatment effects in multisite studies: hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) perspective  Kalaian, Sema A.
Viewed 56,733 times since 6/23/2003.
green dot  2003 Alternative Approaches to Assessing Student Engagement Rates  Chapman, Elaine
Viewed 117,384 times since 5/27/2003.
green dot  2003 Exploratory Longitudinal Profile Analysis via Multidimensional Scaling   Ding, Cody
Viewed 21,067 times since 5/27/2003.
green dot  2003 Effect Sizes and the Disattenuation of Correlation and Regression Coefficients: Lessons from Educational Psychology.  Osborne, Jason W.
Viewed 45,631 times since 5/27/2003.
green dot  2002 Notes on the use of data transformations.  Osborne, Jason
Viewed 225,993 times since 5/30/2002.
green dot  2002 Male and female differences in self-report cheating  Athanasou, James A. and Olabisi Olasehinde
Viewed 61,869 times since 5/18/2002.
green dot  2002 Analyzing online discussions: ethics, data, and interpretation  Brem, Sarah
Viewed 32,257 times since 5/15/2002.
green dot  2002 Four assumptions of multiple regression that researchers should always test.  Osborne, Jason and Elaine Waters
Viewed 573,429 times since 1/7/2002.
green dot  2002 Using electronic surveys: advice from survey professionals  Shannon, David M., Johnson,Todd E., Searcy, Shelby & Alan Lott
Viewed 70,123 times since 1/2/2002.
green dot  2001 Effects of Removing the Time Limit on First and Second Language Intelligence Test Performance  Mullane, Jennifer & Stuart J. McKelvie
Viewed 38,078 times since 11/6/2001.
green dot  2001 The stability of undergraduate students' cognitive test anxiety levels  Cassady, Jerrell C.
Viewed 61,308 times since 8/23/2001.
green dot  2001 Conducting web-based surveys  Solomon, David J.
Viewed 79,396 times since 8/23/2001.
green dot  2001 An overview of content analysis  Stemler, Steve
Viewed 525,454 times since 6/7/2001.
green dot  2001 Self-Reported GPA and SAT: A Methodological Note.  Cassady, Jerrell C.
Viewed 33,913 times since 1/24/2001.
green dot  2000 Using critical thinking to conduct effective searches of online resources  Brem, Sarah K. & Andrea J. Boyes
Viewed 52,908 times since 8/28/2000.
green dot  2000 Using Expected Growth Size Estimates to Summarize Test Score Changes.  Russell, Michael
Viewed 31,667 times since 5/26/2000.
green dot  2000 Summarizing Change in Test Scores: Shortcomings of Three Common Methods.  Russell, Michael
Viewed 54,273 times since 5/26/2000.
green dot  2000 Prediction in Multiple Regression.  Osborne, Jason W.
Viewed 128,607 times since 3/10/2000.
green dot  2000 Advantages of Hierarchical Linear Modeling.  Osborne, Jason W.
Viewed 116,146 times since 1/10/2000.
green dot  1999 How to Write a Scholarly Research Report  Rudner, Lawrence M. & William D. Schafer
Viewed 362,611 times since 11/13/1999.
green dot  1998 Communicating Educational Research Data to General, Nonresearcher Audiences.  MacColl, Gail S. & White, Kathleen D.
Viewed 128,369 times since 11/13/1999.
green dot  1997 True and Quasi-Experimental Designs.  Gribbons, Barry & Herman, Joan
Viewed 275,778 times since 11/13/1999.
green dot  1997 Designing Structured Interviews for Educational Research.  -
Viewed 129,624 times since 11/13/1999.
green dot  1996 Pitfalls of Data Analysis.  Helberg, Clay
Viewed 45,092 times since 11/13/1999.
green dot  1996 Kerlinger's Research Myths.  Daniel, Larry G.
Viewed 66,068 times since 11/13/1999.
green dot  1996 Hints for Designing Effective Questionnaires.  Frary, Robert B.
Viewed 153,508 times since 11/13/1999.
green dot  1996 Authorship Ethics.  Syrett, Kristen L. & Rudner, Lawrence M.
Viewed 39,689 times since 11/13/1999.
green dot  1994 The Concept of Statistical Significance Testing.  Thompson, Bruce
Viewed 148,044 times since 11/13/1999.